Complimentary and Alternative Medicine



Saint Anthony College of Nursing *

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Dec 6, 2023





Uploaded by jimeniagarcia12 on

Complimentary and Alternative Medicine Reasons for using CAM a desire for less invasive, less toxic, “more natural” treatments lack of satisfaction with biomedical treatments increasing desire by patients to take a more active role in their treatment process Beliefs that a combination of treatments (biomedical and complementary) results in better overall results beliefs and values that are consistent with an approach to health that incorporates the mind, body, and spirit or a holistic approach Categories of complimentary therapies Biologic Dietary supplements, Herbals, Probiotics Energy Acupuncture, Therapeutic/Healing touch Manipulative/Body-Based Methods Acupressure, Chiropractic, massage therapy Mind-Body Therapies Biofeedback, Guided imagery, music therapy, Meditation, Yoga, Tai Chi Movement Therapies Pilates, dance therapy Whole Medical Systems Homeopathic, Native American/Latin American healing, Naturopathic Relaxation therapy Clinical application Lowers blood pressure and heart rate, decreases muscle tension, improves well being, reduce symptoms and distress Meditation and breathing Clinical application reduces overall systolic and diastolic blood pressures significantly reduces hypertensive risk successfully reduces relapses in alcohol treatment programs Patients with cancer experience less depression, anxiety, and distress and report an improved quality of life Posttraumatic stress disorders and chronic pain increases productivity, improves mood, increases a sense of identity, and lowers irritability Limitations fear losing control become hypertensive while mediating increase effects of certain drugs Biofeedback used to change thinking, emotions, and behaviors
outcomes physiological changes, improved health and well being Acupuncture Effective for low back pain, myofascial pain chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting tension headaches, migraine prevention, and postoperative pain gastrointestinal disorders, menopausal hot flashes, clinical depression and posttraumatic stress disorder limitations Infections broken needles puncture of an internal organ Bleeding fainting Seizures posttreatment drowsiness Integrating nursing role Need to encourage dialogue about the use of CAM Responsibility to understand the benefits of therapies that encourage active patient participation Multiple practitioner approach: integrative Holistic in nature Follow Nurse Practice Act scope of practice. Work closely with patient Practice questions A teen diagnosed with an anxiety disorder is referred for biofeedback training because the parents do not want their child to take anxiolytics. Which statement from the teen indicates successful learning? A. “Biofeedback will direct my energies in an intentional way when stressed.” B. “Biofeedback will allow me to manipulate my stressed-out joints.” C. “Biofeedback will let me assess and redirect my energy fields.” D. “Biofeedback will help me with my thoughts and physiological responses to stress.” A nurse is teaching about the therapy that is more effective in treating physical ailments than in preventing stress related disease or managing chronic illness. Which therapy is the nurse describing? A. Complementary B. Mind-body C. Alternative D. Biomedicine
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